This is how the cities of Spain are adapting

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If the European Union wants to carry out its energy revolution and achieve its decarbonisation goals, a large part of the game will have to be played on the asphalt. Today transport is responsible for more or less the 25% of emissions of greenhouse gases in Spain and most of that percentage, 95%, is generated on the roads. Brussels knows it and has already designed measures to move towards a more sustainable model. In the case of trucks and other heavy vehicles, for example, he wants them to leave the factory by 2030 emitting 30% less CO2.

The targets are equally ambitious for private cars. Brussels wants us to say goodbye to the sale of new gasoline and diesel cars in 2035. The question is: How are the city councils, public companies and metropolitan bodies that are in charge of managing a large part of urban mobility preparing for the change? Do you have plans to renew your fleets? It is not a minor issue. According to ANFACIn 2020, 55% of the buses and minibuses in the country —not all of them have to be dedicated to public services, of course— were over ten years old.

What are the main cities of the country doing?

Here some examples.

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Barcelona and the commitment to hydrogen. this very week Barcelona Metropolitan Transport (TMB) put its first hydrogen bus into service. The decision marks a milestone in Barcelona, ​​but also, details TMB, in the whole of Spain. The new vehicle premiered on the X1 line and is the first of the eight manufactured by CaetanoBus that will come into operation and refuel in the Barcelona Free Trade Zone. It has capacity for 37.5 kg of storage.

The new “signing” is in tune with the Strategic Plan 2025 of TMB, which contemplates the incorporation of 508 clean energy buses, 233 electric and 46 hydrogen. At the end of last year, the Catalan body also reached a deal with Solarisof the Spanish group CAF, for the acquisition of 24 Urbino model buses that will arrive this year and are added to the 19 Urbino 18 of the that the entity already has responsible for transport management in the city of Barcelona.

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Madrid and the renewal of the fleet. Madrid has also launched the renewal of its fleet of coaches. In January, the Municipal Transport Company (EMT) announced its plans to take over 150 electric buses of 12 meters between 2022 and 2023 for an estimated value of 99 million euros. Shortly before, the City Council had advanced its intention to stop offering services with diesel buses from 2023. Its objective: for the fleet to be made up of electric, gas or hybrid vehicles. The first units of the batch were planned for September.

just a year ago the EMT announced also the award of a tender to equip itself with 520 new compressed natural gas (CNG) buses for the years 2021, 2022 and 2013 and the purchase of another fifty electric ones. “These acquisitions will allow the municipal company’s most polluting fleet to be withdrawn from circulation,” the Madrid body said in a statement. For now, the company progress in implementation of its one hundred percent electrified network in the capital.

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Valencia, for decarbonization. Something similar happens in the case of Valencia. Your agency in charge of transport management, the EMT, began the negotiations in December to buy twenty 12-meter electric coaches with a minimum power of 150 kW and which, it is said, will arrive at the beginning of 2023. The investment: 11.6 million euros, a sum that includes maintenance during the Warranty period. EMT too has moved file for the electrification of the Sant Isidre garage. In January, the mayor of the city, Joan Ribó, also pointed out that Valencia wants bet on methane and hydrogen gas green on urban buses.

Seville and the commitment to the “trambus”. Another interesting case is left by Seville. In February your City Council put out to tender the purchase of 11 electric vehicles to cover the future line of the so-called “tram bus”, an electric coach that will circulate in a lane with priority for zero-emission vehicles, between Torreblanca, Seville East and the Santa Justa station. The goal is for them to be ready in 2023, in time for the start-up of the service. In September 2021, the Seville Metropolitan Transport Consortium announced the incorporation of an electric bus.

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Zaragoza gives way to electric coaches. In the fifth most populous city in Spain, Zaragoza, electric public mobility has also been in the news in recent weeks. In March, the City Council and the companies Avanza and Endesa X presented the start of the works of “one of the most important public transport electrification projects in Spain”.

The metropolis wants to renew its fleet with 68 new buses which will be added to the four in service and apply a draft change, with the installation of 76 chargers for 100 kW and 150 kW coaches and one semi-rapid 300 kW. More than eight million will be allocated to works and adaptation.

Images | Miguel Angel Cuartero (TMB), EMT Madrid, EMT Valencia

If the European Union wants to carry out its energy revolution and achieve its decarbonisation goals, a large part of…

If the European Union wants to carry out its energy revolution and achieve its decarbonisation goals, a large part of…

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