The plans of Spain and Europe to end gasoline and diesel vehicles

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The goal seems clear: eliminate combustion cars. What we do not know is whether it will be a matter of a few years or whether it will last for several decades. The electric car has an increasingly important role among the plans of the engine manufacturers and both gasoline and diesel cars are being pushed aside, in some cases decisively and in others more timidly.

These are the plans of Spain and the European Union to put an end to gasoline and diesel cars. A strategy that at the moment does not go through a direct prohibition, but it does set serious limits. Some restrictions that aim to accelerate the transition to electric cars and make combustion cars disappear in the medium and long term. This is the schedule and plans announced for a market as complex as in need of changes.

What plans does the European Union have?

Europe has not yet announced a strict ban on combustion cars, but it has anticipated a proposal to eliminate combustion cars from 2035. The European Union establishes a limit with overall average CO₂ emissions of 95g/km for manufacturers’ sales, with a slight increase for heavier cars.

The average European car is already twelve years old.  And it's a problem to reach emissions and safety targets

In 2020, the emissions targets applied to new vehicles with less than 95% emissions from each manufacturer. From 2021, the average emissions of all newly registered cars must fall below this target or face a fine of €95 for each g/km exceeded. How does this translate to combustion cars? In some limits that can hardly be met.

Meeting the current target of 95 g/km seems almost impossible if only combustion cars are sold. But since it is an average of emissions, electric cars help to lower it. To get an idea, in a gasoline car this limit supposes an average consumption of 4.1 l/100km and in a diesel car, around 3.5 l/100km. Figures far removed from the best combustion cars and difficult to achieve without the help of some type of electrification.

The current limit has led many manufacturers to accelerate their plans towards electricity so as not to face fines, but it does not stop there. The Euro 7 proposal is anticipated to pose a limitation of 30 mg/km and 10 mg/km for new models.

At the moment the official limit is not known, but is spoken that by 2030, the average sales of manufacturers will be 60 g/km, restrictions that would mean an average consumption of 2.6 l/100km for a gasoline car or 2.1 l/100km for a diesel car. If materialized, this limit would not de facto prohibit combustion cars, but it would force manufacturers to avoid their sale at all costs. From 2025 the official proposal for the hardening of the limit will be known.

Euro 7 signals the end of combustion engines: a strict limit that has led Audi to abandon its developments in diesel and gasoline

Spain and the Climate Change Law

The Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition, approved in April 2021, establishes 2050 as the date to achieve climate neutrality and achieve a fleet of passenger cars and commercial vehicles without direct emissions. The same text establishes that “the necessary measures will be adopted” so that from 2040 new vehicles with CO2 emissions are not marketed. Namely, from 2040 you will not be able to sell combustion cars (not intended for commercial use).

In the case of Madrid, vehicles that do not have an ECO and Zero Emissions label will have restrictions to access the Madrid 360 area. From 2022, those who do not live in the capital cannot circulate with this type of car inside the M-30 . As of 2025, it is intended to be prohibited for all citizens.

These are the new restrictions for the car and Low Emission Zones (ZBE) that cities are preparing from 2022

In 2016 and as a result of an agreement between Paris, Mexico City and Paris, the city council led by the then mayor Manuela Carmena, pointed to 2025 as the date to eliminate the circulation of diesel cars. However, the City Council issued a statement denying this ban and in turn ratifying the commitment to reduce emissions in the year 2030, in line with the Government and the European Union.

Low Emissions Zone

Restricting vehicles with a yellow label is being studied in Barcelona, ​​but this limitation has not yet been established. Antoni Poveda, Vice President of Mobility of the AMB, express to “Euro 4 and Euro 5 diesels are the most polluting and we must act on them”. The intention is that arrived January 2024, extend restriction to all B-labeled carswithout exceptions although with possible moratoriums.

The Spanish region that has been encouraged to ban the circulation of combustion cars is the Balearic Islands. The Balearic law of the ‘Canvi Climàtic’ will prohibit the circulation of new diesel cars and motorcycles from 2025 and gasoline from 2035. Only the cars of people registered on the islands will be able to circulate until their useful life, instead the Tourist vehicles traveling with their car will not be able to do so if they have a combustion vehicle. The Balearic government will demand a commitment from car rental companies.

The fear of buying diesel cars is a fact.  Sales plummet and buyers look for alternatives

Between 2030 and 2040, goodbye to combustion engines

Diesel Pollution

France was the first European country whose legislation established an end to diesel cars. “The Mobility Law It is a response to the ecological emergency, with ambitious and realistic goals: the total decarbonization of land transport by 2050, and the end of sales of vehicles that use fossil fuels in 2040.” announced Elisabeth Borne, the French Transport Minister. France took the first step in setting a date for the ban on combustion cars. A date that other countries, such as Spain, have subsequently replicated.

In cities like Copenhagen, Stockholm or Amsterdam there are areas where old diesel cars are prohibited from circulating, but to date, the various European parliaments have postponed proposals to ban diesel outright. As explained BloombergNews, in 2030 up to 24 European cities will ban diesel vehicles. Countries like Denmark, Ireland and the Netherlands have bills to place 2030 as the date of the ban, but they have not yet reached approval. The different governments are pressing to the European Commission to implement a European diesel ban by 2040.

On United KingdomPrime Minister Boris Johnson, assured that in 2030 gasoline and diesel cars will not be able to be sold. A “green industrial revolution” that, as in other countries, for the time being is more of a promise than a reality. Although, when all the countries point in the same direction, it seems clear that the best times for diesel and gasoline cars have passed.

In Xataka | The plans of car brands to end combustion models and manufacture only electric cars

The goal seems clear: eliminate combustion cars. What we do not know is whether it will be a matter of…

The goal seems clear: eliminate combustion cars. What we do not know is whether it will be a matter of…

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