How to load all your luggage in the car this vacation (and not receive a fine from the DGT in the attempt)

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The suitcases, the dog’s carrier, the baby’s stroller, the older brother’s inflatable mattress and the grandmother’s pillow, who is not able to sleep a wink without it outside the house. And in the trunk that things don’t fit. And the tray is full. And the bicycle of parents and children that is well fixed to the ceiling.


And the DGT fines planning on the car. And, what is worse, all the ballots to suffer serious damage in the event of the accident. Every summer, cars multiply with loads misplaced, filled to the top and complicating their circulation and that of the vehicles around them.

To avoid these risk situations, the DGT has some rules that we should not overlook. But, what is more important, as drivers we must be aware of the great risks we run if we do not take the proper precautions. This is everything that we should not overlook.

I use the center mirror

Article 76 of the Traffic Law, Circulation of Motor Vehicles and Road Safety, which is typified as a serious infraction “driving vehicles with the load poorly conditioned or in danger of falling”. In other words, breaking the rules in this regard is more than enough reason for an agent to punish us with 200 euro finealthough no points are subtracted.

In this article, and as confirmed by the DGT, it is not specified that it is a reason for a fine to disable the central mirror with the load, although they do emphasize that it must be very well secured so that it does not become a real projectile in accident case.

In fact, in the General Vehicle Regulations it is specified that only the left and central mirrors are mandatory. For example, you may find classic vehicles that lack a right rear view mirror. Of course, it is also stated in its Annex III that “When the mirror does not allow the vision of a flat and horizontal part of the road from the horizon up to a distance of 60 m behind and in a width of 20 m, it will be optional. and should be placed second exterior mirror On the right side”.

Thus, it is always mandatory to have a right-hand rear-view mirror if the load located in the trunk obscures the view of the central rear-view mirror. And, furthermore, in the event that an agent stops the vehicle, you can check that it is properly tied down and is not at risk of breaking down in the event of an accident.

mandatory plates

The wording of article 76 of the aforementioned Traffic Law also punishes drivers who fail to comply with the maximum limitations when placing the load outside our vehicle.

In the event that we need to place a protruding load beyond the length of the vehicle, it may do so by 10% if it is divisible and up to 15% when it is not. In addition, you must have a V-20 sign at rear end of the same and always perpendicular to the axis of the vehicle. What it cannot exceed, in any case, is the width of the vehicle.

In addition, there are other details to take into account. If the load covers the entire width of the vehicle (without exceeding it), it will be necessary to install two signs of this type, each one at one of the lateral ends. If we drive at night or in conditions of reduced visibility, it will be necessary to include a red light. And if the load covers the license plate or the lights, we must have an approved lighting device and a third visible license plate.

All the fines contemplated by the DGT for carrying the mobile in the wrong place (even with approved supports)

For example, it is usual bike racks that fulfill these functions. In these cases, they already include the space for the installation of the third license platethe corresponding V-20 signs and the necessary elements to prevent bicycles from becoming detached on the road.

As for carrying the load on the roof of the vehicle, it must also comply with the obligation to be well secured and avoid possible detachments. The height limitations remain at four meters for cars, so we will not be able to transport a load greater than this limit.

Devon Janse Van Rensburg R9vzn71z3cy Unsplash

How to place the load correctly

In addition to complying with all these technical obligations, it is important to know how to place the load to reduce the risks in the car, especially in the event of an accident.

The first thing to bear in mind is that a load that protrudes from the car, both in height and length, will complicate our driving. For example, we will be more sensitive to changes in the wind or we will take more risks when overtaking other vehicles, as our aerodynamics will be seriously impaired.

Regarding the placement of cargo in the trunk, the RACE recommends balance the weight of it taking into account the weight of passengers and luggage. In addition, they emphasize the importance of placing the heaviest objects at the bottom (against the trunk wall) to reduce inertia in the event of emergency braking or an accident.

All objects must be placed in the trunk and if we have to remove the tray, it is interesting to place a good net that protects us from the items located in this space. We must avoid having ground objects in the passenger compartment, because at 50 km/h they can multiply your weight by 50 times the same and, therefore, become real projectiles if we suffer an accident, something that also remember the DGT.

Photo | familydestinationsguide.com Y Devon Janse van Rensburg

The suitcases, the dog’s carrier, the baby’s stroller, the older brother’s inflatable mattress and the grandmother’s pillow, who is not…

The suitcases, the dog’s carrier, the baby’s stroller, the older brother’s inflatable mattress and the grandmother’s pillow, who is not…

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